CIRP couldn’t be initiated against co-operative society as it is not a corporate person as per IBC

  • Blog|News|Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code|
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  • By Taxmann
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  • Last Updated on 30 April, 2022

Corporate insolvency resolution process; Corporate person;

Case Details: Maharashtra State Co-operative Bank Ltd. v. Shri Siddheshwar Sahakari Sakhar Karkhana Ltd. - [2022] 137 264 (NCLT – Mumbai)

Judiciary and Counsel Details

    • Rajesh Sharma, Technical Member and Mrs. Suchitra Kanuparthi, Judicial Member
    • Omkar Deosthale, Adv. for the Petitioner. 
    • Rupesh Bobade and Shraddhanand Bhutada Advs. for the Respondent.

Facts of the Case

In the instant case, the appellant – financial creditor had sanctioned a short-term loan to the corporate debtor by way of mortgage with interest and a working capital loan by way of pledge with interest. The repayment of the loan was required to be made by the corporate debtor along with applicable interest. However, the corporate debtor fails to make the repayment of the loan together with applicable interest. Thereafter, the financial creditor filed an application against corporate debtor under section 7 of the IBC claiming that the corporate debtor defaulted in the payment of an amount.

In response to this, the corporate debtor claimed that it was a Co-operative Society registered under Multi-State Co-operative Societies Act, 2002 and hence no CIRP could be initiated against the corporate debtor in terms of section 2 of the IBC. Further, the corporate debtor claimed that the Multi-State Co-operative Societies Act, 2002 is a special statute that itself covers the specific provisions for the winding up of societies registered under the same.


The NCLT held that the provisions of section 2 and section 3(7) of IBC are to be taken into consideration. Firstly, the corporate debtor is itself a Co-operative Society and hence cannot come under the provisions of section 2(d) as CG has not issued any notification w.r. t the applicability of the Code to the Co-operative Society and hence the applicability of section 3(7) of the Code does not arise.

Secondly, the provisions of the Code are not applicable to the Co-operative Society as the corporate debtor in the matter is registered/incorporated under Multi-State Co-operative Societies Act, 2002 which is a special statute itself.

Thus, it is well settled that the IBC itself is a separate and independent statute which cannot be overruled by any other law as explained under section 238 of the Code. Therefore, it is viewed that the corporate debtor who is a Co-operative Society registered/incorporated under the Multi-State Co-operative Societies Act, 2002, does not come under the purview of the Code and hence the CIRP cannot be initiated against the corporate debtor.

Case Review

List of Cases Referred to

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