Revenue can’t retain TDS; credit is to be given to deductee or person with assessable income: ITAT

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  • Last Updated on 13 January, 2023


Case Details: Hampi Expressways (P.) Ltd. v. DCIT - [2023] 146 24 (Mumbai-Trib.)

Judiciary and Counsel Details

    • M. Balaganesh, Accountant Member & Rahul Chaudhary, Judicial Member
    • M.M. GolvalaAmey Wagle for the Appellant.
    • Tejinder Pal Singh for the Respondent.

Facts of the Case

The assessee entered into a contract with the National Highway Authority of India (NHAI) for the construction of a national highway and was responsible for shifting utilities. The assessee appointed a sub-contractor for carrying out the said utility shifting work. It had claimed credit of a certain sum being tax deducted at source by NHAI.

The Assessing Officer (AO) held that the assessee had failed to offer corresponding income to tax during the relevant assessment year. Thus, it was not entitled to claim credit of tax deducted at source in terms of section 199 read with rule 37BA.

On appeal, the CIT(A) upheld the order of AO. Aggrieved-assessee filed the instant appeal before the Tribunal.


The Mumbai Tribunal held that AO’s objection to the assessee claiming credit for taxes that were withheld was because the corresponding income had not been reported in the financial statements and therefore not offered for tax.

However, the assessee argued that there was a back-to-back arrangement with a subcontractor and that all the income was passed on to the subcontractor, resulting in no income to report. The assessee had provided a separate ledger showing income received from another entity (NHAI) and corresponding payments to the subcontractor.

AO isn’t allowed to retain tax deducted at the source without credit being available to anybody. Therefore, either the deductee or the person in whose hand income is assessable should be allowed to claim credit of tax deducted at source by granting purposive interpretation of the provisions of Section 199 and Rule 37BA.

Therefore, AO was to be directed to verify receipts and deducibility of corresponding payments reflected in the ledger account of the assessee and allow the claim of credit.

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