[Opinion] Whether sections 54(2)/54F(4) are procedural sections and not mandatory?
- Blog|Income Tax|News|
- 3 Min Read
- By Taxmann
- Last Updated on 30 December, 2022
Mukesh Kohli –  145 taxmann.com 627 (Article)
We all professionals advise our clients to deposit the amount of Long-Term capital gain in case of sale of property used for residence and the sale consideration in case of sale of long-term capital asset, not being residential house in the Capital Gain Deposit Account latest by the due date u/s 139(1) if the same was not used for purchase or construction of House Property.
This is a debatable issue if the assessee has not fulfilled the conditions laid down as per the provisions of sub section 2 of section 54 or Sub section 4 of Section 54F of the Income Tax Act,1961 but made investment in new house with in time specified, then whether the assessee will be eligible to get the benefit of section 54/54F.
First of all, let us see the relevant portion of Section 54(1),54(2),54F and 54 F (4) of the Income Tax Act,1961.
Section 54 (1)
(i) if the amount of the capital gain [is greater than the cost of [the residential house] so purchased or constructed (hereafter in this section referred to as the new asset)], the difference between the amount of the capital gain and the cost of the new asset shall be charged under section 45 as the income of the previous year; and for the purpose of computing in respect of the new asset any capital gain arising from its transfer within a period of three years of its purchase or construction, as the case may be, the cost shall be nil; or
(ii) if the amount of the capital gain is equal to or less than the cost of the new asset, the capital gain shall not be charged under section 45; and for the purpose of computing in respect of the new asset any capital gain arising from its transfer within a period of three years of its purchase or construction, as the case may be, the cost shall be reduced by the amount of the capital gain:
Provided that where the amount of the capital gain does not exceed two crore rupees, the assessee may, at his option, purchase or construct two residential houses in India, and where such option has been exercised, —
(a) the provisions of this sub-section shall have effect as if for the words “one residential house in India”, the words “two residential houses in India” had been substituted;
(b) any reference in this sub-section and sub-section (2) to “new asset” shall be construed as a reference to the two residential houses in India:
Provided further that where during any assessment year, the assessee has exercised the option referred to in the first proviso, he shall not be subsequently entitled to exercise the option for the same or any other assessment year.
(2) The amount of the capital gain which is not appropriated by the assessee towards the purchase of the new asset made within one year before the date on which the transfer of the original asset took place, or which is not utilised by him for the purchase or construction of the new asset before the date of furnishing the return of income under section 139, shall be deposited by him before furnishing such return [such deposit being made in any case not later than the due date applicable in the case of the assessee for furnishing the return of income under sub-section (1) of section 139] in an account in any such bank or institution as may be specified in, and utilised in accordance with, any scheme which the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, frame in this behalf and such return shall be accompanied by proof of such deposit; and, for the purposes of sub-section (1), the amount, if any, already utilised by the assessee for the purchase or construction of the new asset together with the amount so deposited shall be deemed to be the cost of the new asset.
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