Only land is eligible for sec. 54 benefit if house constructed was sold within same year of construction: ITAT

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  • Last Updated on 5 August, 2022

land eligible for sec. 54; Capital gains

Case Details: Smt. Seema Shah v. ITO - [2022] 140 523 (Varanasi-Trib)

Judiciary and Counsel Details

    • Vijay Pal Rao, Judicial Member & Ramit Kochar, Accountant Member
    • A.K. Singh, Sr. DR for the Respondent.

Facts of the Case

Assessee was owner of land purchased in the financial year 2006-07. She had also constructed a house on said land in the financial year 2013-14. The assessee sold said land along with one part of a house constructed upon it in the same financial year 2013-14.

She invested sale consideration in the purchase of new residential house and claimed exemption under section 54. However, Assessing Officer (AO) was of the view that the building was sold in same year of its construction. Thus, the capital gain that arose on its sale was short-term capital gain not eligible for section 54 relief.

On appeal, the Commissioner (Appeals) also upheld the order of AO. Aggrieved-assessee filed the instant appeal before the ITAT.


The Tribunal held that the residential house which was constructed by the assessee on the said land was constructed in the financial year 2013-14 and sold the same financial year 2013-14 itself. Thus, the AO had rightly classified the gains arising from the sale of house as short-term capital gains.

The language of section 54 is clear, plain, and unambiguous and the benefit under section 54 can only be allowed on long-term capital gains earned by the assessee.
The asset sold was composite being land and residential house constructed by the assessee. Hence, the claim of section 54 shall be restricted to long-term capital gains arising on sale of land being long-term capital asset. The residential house constructed on the said land cannot be considered for grant of deduction under section 54, being a short-term capital asset.

Thus, apportionment between land and building was required to be done and exemption under section 54 was to be allowed on long-term capital gains realized on sale of land only.

List of Cases Referred to

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