[FAQs] Income Tax Returns (ITR) | Clubbing of Income

  • ITR Week 2024-25|Blog|Income Tax|
  • 4 Min Read
  • By Taxmann
  • |
  • Last Updated on 20 June, 2024

Clubbing of Income

Clubbing of income refers to the inclusion of another person's income in the taxpayer's total income for tax purposes. Under the Income Tax Act, income earned by certain individuals, such as minor children or spouses, can be clubbed with the income of the parent or spouse if specific conditions are met. This provision ensures that individuals do not avoid taxes by transferring income to family members. For instance, a minor's income from investments made by the parent would be clubbed with the parent's income, but income earned by the minor through their own skill or talent is excluded from this rule.

FAQ 1. My minor daughter earned Rs. 10,00,000 by participating in a skill-based competition. Is she required to file an ITR for the concerned year?

The income of a minor child is generally added to the income of the parents. However, if the minor child earns income through their own skill, talent, or specialized knowledge, it is exempt from this clubbing provision. Therefore, the minor child must be assessed independently for such income through their guardian.

You will need to apply for a PAN (Permanent Account Number) for your daughter using Form 49A on her behalf. After obtaining the PAN, you should register on the e-filing portal as her representative assessee and file the Income Tax Return (ITR) for the relevant assessment year. The PAN application for a minor child must be completed and signed by a representative assessee on her behalf, including providing the details of both the minor and the representative assessee in the PAN application form.

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FAQ 2. I have received some income on behalf of my deceased father in my account during the year. My father failed to write his will before dying, and the partition has not yet taken place. In whose hands will such income be taxed?

When a person dies intestate (without leaving a will), their estate immediately devolves to their legal heirs according to the personal law applicable to the deceased. In this situation, any income accrued or received by the deceased from the date of death until the end of the financial year will be considered the income of the legal heirs and must be disclosed in their Income Tax Return (ITR).

FAQ 3. Mr X died on 23-08-2023. Before his death, he received a salary income of Rs. 12 lakhs. After his death, some interest income accrued in his account. Is an ITR required to be filed for the relevant year?

Yes, an ITR must be filed in this case, and the responsibilities are as follows:

a) Income Accruing Before Mr X’s Death:
The ITR must be filed in the name of the deceased (Mr X) using his PAN by his legal representative. The legal representative must file the ITR for the salary income of Rs. 12 lakhs.

b) Income Accruing After Mr X’s Death:
If Mr X had prepared a will before his death, the executor would be required to file an ITR before distributing the estate. After that, the legal representatives would file the return in their personal capacity. Since Mr X did not leave a will, his legal heirs must file the ITR in their personal capacity. Therefore, the interest income will be added to the income of the legal representatives or heirs, as applicable.

FAQ 4. Can a legal heir file the return of the deceased assessee if a Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) is mandatory?

Yes, a legal heir can file a return on behalf of the deceased assessee, even if a DSC is mandatory. The legal heir must obtain a DSC in their capacity to file such a return. To file the return on behalf of the deceased, one must first register as a legal heir on the Income-tax India e-filing website.

register as a legal heir

deceased person details

You will need to enter the deceased person’s name, PAN, and date of death and upload a scanned copy of the following documents in a zip file:

  • Copy of the deceased’s PAN card
  • Copy of the death certificate
  • Proof of legal heir status as per the norms
  • Copy of a letter of indemnity (optional)

The Income-tax department will verify the request. Once the request is approved, the legal heir will be able to perform all e-filing-related services on behalf of the deceased.

Dive Deeper:
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[FAQs] Income Tax Returns (ITR) | Requirement to File ITR
[FAQs] Income Tax Returns (ITR) | Updated Returns
Income Tax Returns (ITR) | New Tax Regime vs. Old Tax Regime
[FAQs] Income Tax Returns (ITR) | Reporting in Schedules in ITR
[FAQs] Income Tax Returns (ITR) | e-Filing of ITR
[FAQs] Income Tax Returns (ITR) | Annual Information Statement (AIS)
[FAQs] Income Tax Returns (ITR) | Capital Gains
[FAQs] Income Tax Return | Tax Payment | TDS | TCS | Refunds
[FAQs] Income Tax Returns (ITR) | Deductions & Rebates
[FAQs] Income Tax Returns (ITR) | Set-off of Losses

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