[FAQs] Income Tax Returns (ITR) | Capital Gains

  • Blog|Income Tax|ITR Week 2023-24|
  • 4 Min Read
  • By Taxmann
  • |
  • Last Updated on 6 July, 2023

Taxpayers often struggle to find solutions to their questions related to capital gains. This write-up covers answers to some of the common questions that trouble taxpayers.

Capital Gains Tax

Capital Gains Tax

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FAQ 1. I have earned profit from the sale of listed shares which were kept for more than 12 months. Will it be treated as capital gain or business profit?

Vide Circular No. 6/2016, dated 29-2-2016, the CBDT has instructed the Assessing Officers to consider the following while deciding whether surplus generated from the sale of listed shares or other securities is taxable as capital gains or business income:

  1. Where the assessee himself, irrespective of the period of holding of listed shares and securities, opts to treat them as stock-in-trade, the income arising from the transfer of such shares/securities would be treated as its business income.
  2. In respect of listed shares and securities held for more than 12 months immediately preceding the date of its transfer, if the assessee desires to treat the income arising from the transfer thereof as capital gains, the same shall not be put to dispute by the Assessing Officer. However, once taken by the assessee in a particular Assessment Year, this stand shall remain applicable in subsequent Assessment Years. The taxpayer shall not be allowed to adopt a different/contrary stand in this regard in subsequent years.

The CBDT has formulated the above principles to reduce litigation and maintain consistency in the treatment of income derived from the transfer of shares and securities. All the relevant provisions of the Act shall continue to apply to the transactions involving the transfer of shares and securities.

The CBDT[1] has decided that the income arising from the transfer of unlisted shares would be considered under the head ‘Capital gains’, irrespective of the holding period, to avoid disputes/litigation and maintain a uniform approach.

FAQ 2. I have earned a profit from intra-day trading. Is it taxable as business profit or capital gain?

Intra-day trading is considered a speculative business, and the resultant gain or loss would be a speculative gain or speculative loss. Speculative gain is taxed at normal rates, and speculative losses can only be set off against speculative profit.

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FAQ 3. I have earned long-term capital gain of Rs. 10 lakhs which is taxable at 10% under Section 112A. I have made an eligible investment of Rs. 1 lakh for Section 80C deductions. How much tax do I need to pay on such income?

The benefit of the maximum exemption limit shall be available from long-term capital gains taxable under Section 112A. However, the assessee cannot take the benefit of deduction available under Chapter VI-A. The taxable income and tax liability thereon shall be calculated as under:


Amount (Rs.)

Total Income (long-term capital gains in excess of Rs. 100,000) 9,00,000
Less: maximum amount not chargeable to tax 2,50,000
Gross total income 6,50,000
Tax rate under Section 112A 10%
Tax payable (after cess) 67,600


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FAQ 4. Mr X has transferred equity shares of various companies after holding them for more than 12 months. Does he need to enter the details of capital gains in respect of each scrip in the ITR?

In respect to Assessment Year 2020-21, the CBDT has clarified[2] that the scrip-wise details are required to be filled up for those shares/units that are eligible for grandfathering. The Finance Act, 2018 has allowed exemption to the gains made on the listed shares/specified units up to 31-01-2018 by introducing grandfathering mechanism for computation of long-term capital gains for these shares.

Following the press release, we may conclude that the scrip-wise details are not required in income tax return forms for AY 2023-24 to compute gains that are not eligible for grandfathering.

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FAQ 5. Whether property and buyer information is required to be reported under the Capital Gain Schedule if such property is situated outside India and sold to a non-resident?

Schedule CG of ITR requires the assessee to furnish the details relating to the immovable property transferred during the year. To track all the transactions related to the sale of immovable properties, the schedule seeks the buyer’s information, such as the buyer’s name, PAN/Aadhaar No. of the buyer, address of the property, etc. It is mandatory to furnish these details irrespective of the fact that immovable property sold is situated in India or outside India. However, quoting of PAN of the buyer is mandatory only if tax is deducted under section 194-IA or is mentioned in the documents related to the sale of the property.

[1] Letter F.No.225/12/2016/ ITA.II, dated May 2, 2016

[2] Press Release, dated 26-09-2020

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Disclaimer: The content/information published on the website is only for general information of the user and shall not be construed as legal advice. While the Taxmann has exercised reasonable efforts to ensure the veracity of information/content published, Taxmann shall be under no liability in any manner whatsoever for incorrect information, if any.

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