Advance received from distributors not taxable unless commercial activities started: ITAT

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  • Last Updated on 30 March, 2022

Income-tax Act 1961; Business income

Case Details: Sanvitha Biotechnologies (P.) Ltd. v. DCIT - [2022] 136 163 (Hyderabad - Trib.)

Judiciary and Counsel Details

    • Satbeer Singh Godara , Judicial Member and Laxmi Prasad Sahu, Accountant Member
    • P. Murali Mohana Rao for the Appellant.
    • Y.V.S.T. Sai for the Respondent.

Facts of the Case

The assessee-company engaged in the business of manufacturing drugs and pharmaceuticals. During assessment proceedings, the Assessing Officer (AO) found from the financial statements that the assessee had shown an amount of Rs. 22.50 crores as ‘Long-term deposits from associate’ classified under ‘unsecured loans’.

The assessee submitted that it had entered into a marketing agreement with company ‘BI’, to sell all animal health products. It would manufacture the product in future with global partner ‘BI’ with conditions as mentioned in the agreement and for the assignment of global exclusive distribution rights for its products. It had received an amount of Rs. 22.50 crores from ‘BI’, which was non-refundable.

The assessee contended that it was foregoing its rights in respect of trademark, fixing of price of the product, and to have incurred expenditure towards the package, export transport and other related expenditure. In this process, the assessee would incur huge losses for a long period and to compensate for those losses; it had received an amount of Rs. 22.50 crores.

However, the AO rejected the assessee’s contention and held that money was received in the business transaction process and thus liable to tax as business income.The CIT(Appeals) also upheld the AO’s order. Aggrieved-assessee filed the instant appeal before the Tribunal.


The Tribunal held that the crux of the issue is whether the receipt of Rs. 22.50 crores received by the assessee as advance can be treated as business receipt under section 28(i) or not.

It was clear that the assessee had not undertaken any business activity, and he had received only advance for setting off losses for future years, which commence from 1-4-2016. Further, it was clear from the audited financial statements that no commercial activity had been started.

Therefore, the agreement in this regard for treating it as a revenue income cannot arise. On perusal of the agreement, the agreement will be in force when the commercial activity starts. Accordingly, the advance received of Rs. 22.50 crores is not revenue in nature for the year under consideration. Therefore, AO was directed to delete the addition.

Case Review

List of Cases Referred to

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