What is Input Tax Credit Under GST? How does Input Tax Credit Mechanism work?

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  • Last Updated on 17 June, 2022

GST Input Tax Credit: 

This is the most common word with which we associate present day taxation system. Lesser the cascading effect of taxes, better is the taxation system. In an ideal taxation system, taxes never form part of cost of the product, until the goods or services reach the final consumer. 
This is possible only when credit of any taxes paid in the course of business, by the recipient of goods or services is allowed to him. Thus, entire taxes paid by him are set off against his output tax liability and there is no cascading impact of taxes. The taxes attach themselves with the cost only when the goods or services are finally consumed by the consumer.
 Input Tax Credit
Input tax credit is nothing but credit of the Input tax. The next question that arises is what is input tax? Here also as the name suggests it is tax on inputs. 

Definitions What are inputs for a Business? 

The inputs for a business can be divided into three parts:

GST Input Tax Credit provides complete guidance on Input Tax Credit, Refund of Input Tax Credit & Export issues relating to Input Tax Credit. It also incorporates various issues related to Input Tax Credit such as availment, reversal, refund, etc.

2.1 Input Services: 

Input Services are services which are used or intended to be used in the course or furtherance of business. CGST Act has given a very broad based definition for Input Service. Any service used in the course or furtherance of business, would be classified as Input Service.

2.2 Capital Goods: 

The definition of Capital Goods is very broad and contains only two conditions which are as follows:

    • Capital Goods are goods which have been capitalized in the books of account of the person claiming the credit.
    • Capital goods are goods which are used or intended to be used in the course or furtherance of business.

2.3 Input Goods: 

Input means any goods other than capital goods and which are used or intended to be used in the course or furtherance of business. It is again a very broad based definition and any goods used in the course of furtherance of business, would be classified as Inputs.

A business uses Input Services, Capital Goods and Input Goods other than Capital Goods for adding value to the goods or services supplied
 
Thus, credit of the taxes paid on receipt of Input Services, Capital Goods and Input Goods other than Capital Goods forms the basic foundation upon which the credit structure works. 
 
There needs to be a seamless flow of the Input Tax Credit from one business to another with respect to Input Services, Capital Goods and Input Goods other than Capital Goods, used or intended to be used in the course or furtherance of business.  

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