What is Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI)?

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  • Last Updated on 25 June, 2021
 
IBBI or Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India came into existence on 1st of Oct 2016 to regulate and counter various bad loan cases reported by various creditors, which especially involved banks in India. The IBBI falls under Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 and regulates the profession as well processes related to insolvency and bankruptcy.
 
It plays the role of governing body for all Insolvency Resolution Professionals, Insolvency Professional Agencies and Information Utilities. It enacts rules as well enforce them to resolve the corporate insolvency, corporate liquidation, individual insolvency and individual bankruptcy as per Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016. It helps to implement the provision of the IBC and acts to amend any law under it to suite the current challenges. It works towards resolving any insolvency for corporates, individuals and partnership firms in a time bound fashion to maximize the value of insolvent entity and give back the due amount to the creditors.

Power and Functions of IBBI:

IBBI is entrusted to administer the insolvency and bankruptcy regime in the country. It perform tasks like registration of insolvency professional’s agencies, and certify and monitor insolvency resolution professionals. IBBI is also responsible to create information utilities and renew them as and when the case be. IBBI forms rules for minimum eligibility requirements for agencies to register themselves as insolvency professional agencies or professionals to get certified as insolvency resolution professionals. It also levy fee or other charges from these agencies and professionals. It specifies the regulations for their functioning in proper and law abided manner.

IBBI also ensures and enforces that any Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 is levied in minimum time available to get maximum gain from debtor’s assets to pay off the creditors. They are responsible to carry out the audits and inspections on debtor’s assets and creditor’s claims. They also specify the regulations for collecting and storing data by various information utilities and provide proper access to the various stakeholders to such data as and when appropriate. They also form communities as may be required in a case to disseminate the information related to it. They are headed to promote transparency amongst the stakeholders while the case is running until it is resolved.
 
Section 196 of IBC 2016 explains about powers and functions of the board. 

Structure of IBBI:

IBBI is constituted by ten-member committee which includes one chairman, three members from Central Government who cannot be below the rank of Joint Secretary or equivalent, One member is nominated by RBI (Reserve Bank of India) in this committee, and rest five members are nominated by Central Government of which three should function as full time members.

Conclusion:
IBBI came into existence because there was deemed lack of a properly structured organization to take care of falling companies and their liquidation. This havoc was creating mistrust amongst the stakeholders in the market and thus genuine people who needed the credit were suffering out of it. This was also framed to support the falling companies to stand again on their feet by restructuring their credits so that they can repay them easily and make a fresh start. 
 
Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code provided the legal framework to facilitate the resolution in such cases and is dedicated to keep developing this framework and related functions and professionals to provide better resolutions.
 
 
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