Impact of Ind-AS on M&A transactions – Watch with an eagle eye
- Account & Audit|Blog|
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- By Taxmann
- Last Updated on 2 June, 2022
Accounting for Business Combinations requires recognition of the identifiable assets acquired, liabilities assumed, non-controlling interests in an acquiree, previously held interest in an acquiree and contingent consideration at their acquisition date fair values. In case of a legal entity merger of unrelated companies, the assets, including intangibles and liabilities would be recorded at their fair value. Hence, when compared to accounting under the old regime, the fair value accounting of acquisitions could result in higher amortisation/ depreciation charge on the basis of fair value impacting the earnings per share (EPS) of the company, and thereby, impacting investor perception. From an income tax perspective, in case of an amalgamation or demerger, as per Explanation 2 / 2A to Section 43(6) of the Income Tax Act, 1961 (ITA), such fair valuation of tangible assets will be ignored and the written down value (WDV) of such depreciable assets as in the hands of amalgamating/ demerged company shall be the WDV for the amalgamated/ resulting company.
In case of a demerger of an undertaking into an unrelated company, the fair valuation is necessary under Ind-AS 103. Whereas under Section 2(19AA) of ITA, the assets are to be transferred at book value pursuant to demerger. In such case, one can allege that Section 2(19AA) of ITA is not complied with, and hence, the demerger is not tax neutral. However, the counter-argument could be that such fair valuation is required from the acquirer’s perspective to comply with Ind-AS and from tax perspective, the condition of transfer at book value is for the demerged company. However, the possibility of litigation cannot be ruled out in such cases. In addition, in such cases, WDV or the original cost for the acquirer will be the same as it was available to the previous owner, under Section 43 or under Section 49 of the ITA, as the case may be.
Authors: Hiten Kotak, Leader – M&A Tax, PwC India and Jayesh Sanghvi, Director – M&A Tax, PwC India
Disclaimer: Views expressed in this article are the personal views of the author. Article includes inputs from Raina Sakhale, Associate, M&A Tax – PwC India. This article attempts to provide general guidance on matters of interest only and does not constitute professional advice. No one should act upon the information contained in this article without obtaining specific professional advice.
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