Availing of ITC in GST restricted vide Rule 36(4)

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  • By Taxmann
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  • Last Updated on 8 April, 2021

Introduction

In order to curb the problem of fraudulent trading, generation of fake invoices and wrongful availment of ITC, CBIC has made amendment to the GST provisions by inserting a new rule. The newly inserted Rule 36(4) provides that a taxpayer can avail ITC pertaining to outward supplies not declared by his supplier in Form GSTR-1 only to the extent of 20% of the eligible credit available in respect of invoices declared by his supplier in Form GSTR-1 which is reflected in Form GSTR-2A.

Issues pertaining to Rule 36(4)

This rule was inserted w.e.f 9-10-2019 but created lot of confusion among taxpayers in respect of its practical implications, whether any functionality will be provided on the GST portal, how the calculation of 20% ITC will be done, how the balance ITC shall be availed, what will be the treatment of ITC in case of taxpayers whose suppliers file quarterly return, etc.?

Clarification through Circular

To address all practical difficulties, CBIC has issued Circular No. 123/42/2019-Central Tax dated 11-11-2019 to resolve the hardships surrounding the implementation of the Rule 36(4). The clarifications enumerated in the circular are:-

· Restriction not imposed through GST portal

It has been clarified that the ITC restriction is not imposed through the common portal and it is the responsibility of the taxpayer to ensure that the credit is availed in terms of the said rule. Hence, the availment of restricted credit in terms of Rule 36(4) is required on self-assessment basis by the taxpayers.

· Date of the applicability of Rule 36(4)

The circular has stated that the restriction of the Rule 36(4) will be applicable to the invoices/debit notes on which credit is availed after 09-10-2019. Accordingly, the ITC availed till 09-10-2019 will remain unaffected by the restriction of this new rule.

· Invoices not under the ambit of Rule 36(4)

This restriction of ITC is only applicable to invoices or debit notes which are required to be uploaded by suppliers in Form GSTR-1 and taxpayers can avail of full ITC of those invoices which are not required to be reported in Form GSTR-1 such as IGST paid on import, documents issued under RCM, credit received from ISD, etc.

· Calculation of credit on consolidated basis

The credit available under Rule 36(4) is linked to total eligible credit from all the suppliers against all supplies whose details have been uploaded by the suppliers in Form GSTR-1 and which are reflected in Form GSTR-2A. Hence, the restriction of credit is not supplier-wise and is on consolidated basis.

· Cut-off date for calculation of ITC

The taxpayer needs to ascertain the ITC from the auto-populated Form GSTR 2A as available on the due date of filing of Form GSTR-1, i.e., 11th of the succeeding month for monthly return filers and for quarterly return filers last day of the month succeeding the end of the quarter.

· Calculation of ITC as per Rule 36(4)

The calculation of limit of 20% of the eligible credit available in Form GSTR-2A for the invoices not uploaded by the supplier in Form GSTR-1 can be understood with the help of an example, where a registered person ‘A’ receives 100 invoices for inward supplies involving ITC of Rs. 10 lakhs during the month of October, 2019. Suppliers have furnished only 60 invoices involving ITC of Rs. 6 lakhs in Form GSTR-1(reflected in GSTR-2A).

Then, eligible ITC as per Rule 36(4) is to be taken in GSTR-3B to be filed by November 20, 2019 = ITC in respect of details of invoices uploaded + 20% of the eligible ITC in GSTR-2A (in respect of invoices not furnished in Form GSTR-1)

= Rs. 6,00,000+20% of Rs. 6,00,000

=Rs. 7,20,000

 

· Availing of balance ITC

The balance ITC can be claimed in any of the succeeded months provided details of requisite invoices are uploaded by the suppliers. In simple words, taxpayer may avail full ITC in respect of a tax period as and when the invoices are uploaded by the suppliers to the extent of Eligible ITC/1.2.

For instance, in the above example, if the suppliers of ‘A’ upload the details of balance 40 invoices in the subsequent month, i.e., November’s month GSTR-1 involving ITC of Rs. 4 lakhs, then ‘A’may avail balance ITC of Rs. 2.8 lakhs (Rs. 10 lakhs –Rs. 7.2 lakhs). However, supplier may claim balance ITC of Rs. 2.8 lakhs even if suppliers of ‘A’ upload the details of balance invoices to the extent of Rs. 2.3 lakhs ITC.

Issues not clarified

This circular has failed to address the situation where suppliers have opted for quarterly filing of GSTR-1 while the recipient files monthly GSTR-1. This will create hardship for small taxpayers as recipients would try to get supplies from the dealers (big dealers) who opt for monthly filing of GSTR-1.  

Impact of 20% Rule

Restriction imposed in Rule 36(4) will certainly impact working capital of taxpayers as they have to pay more taxes when suppliers file belated returns in Form GSTR-1. Moreover, the taxpayer would not be able to claim refund of excess tax paid by them due to default of the suppliers. Also, this reconciliation exercise of ITC is going to consume lot of man hours every month.

Disclaimer: The content/information published on the website is only for general information of the user and shall not be construed as legal advice. While the Taxmann has exercised reasonable efforts to ensure the veracity of information/content published, Taxmann shall be under no liability in any manner whatsoever for incorrect information, if any.

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