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1Long-term Capital Gains arising from transfer of listed equity shares or units of equity oriented funds to be taxed at 10% in excess of Rs. 1 lakh.

1Section 80D (medical premium) deduction for senior citizen raised to Rs.50,000

2Benefit of tax free-withdrawal from NPS extended to non-employee subscribers

3Standard deduction of Rs 40,000 reintroduced for salaried person. This deduction is proposed in lieu of deduction for medical reimbursements for Rs. 15,000 and travelling allowance for Rs. 19,600 per annum.

4No change in slab rates but Cess has been increased to 4% from existing 3%.

5Long-term Capital Gains arising from transfer of listed equity shares or units of equity oriented funds to be taxed at 10% in excess of Rs. 1 lakh.

1No deduction under Chapter VIA-C shall be allowed if return is filed after due date.

2Full tax exemption for Farm Producer Companies

3Provisions to convert stock-in-trade into Capital Asset is rationalized

4Dividend Distribution Tax will be levied on deemed dividend

5Corporate Tax is reduced to 25% for companies having turnover of Rs. 250 crores or less in financial year 2016-17

Assessment Year 2018-19

Individual Male

  • Up to Rs. 2,50,000 Nil
  • Rs. 2,50,001 to Rs. 5,00,000 5%
  • Rs. 5,00,001 to Rs. 10,00,000 20%
  • Above Rs. 10,00,000 30%
  • *Surcharge: 10% if total income exceeds Rs. 50 lacs and 15% if total income exceeds Rs. 1 Crore
  • * Education cess and Secondary & Higher Education cess at 3% of Income Tax & Surcharge
  • * Relief u/s 87A up to Rs. 2,500 for resident individuals having total income of up to Rs. 3,50,000

Individual Female

  • Up to Rs. 2,50,000 Nil
  • Rs. 2,50,001 to Rs. 5,00,000 5%
  • Rs. 5,00,001 to Rs. 10,00,000 20%
  • Above Rs. 10,00,000 30%
  • *Surcharge: 10% if total income exceeds Rs. 50 lacs and 15% if total income exceeds Rs. 1 Crore
  • * Education cess and Secondary & Higher Education cess at 3% of Income Tax & Surcharge
  • * Relief u/s 87A up to Rs. 2,500 for resident individuals having total income of up to Rs. 3,50,000

Senior Citizen

  • Up to Rs. 3,00,000 Nil
  • Rs. 3,00,001 to Rs. 5,00,000 5%
  • Rs. 5,00,001 to Rs. 10,00,000 20%
  • Above Rs. 10,00,000 30%
  • * Surcharge: 10% if total income exceeds Rs. 50 lacs and 15% if total income exceeds Rs. 1 Crore
  • * Education cess and Secondary & Higher Education cess at 3% of Income Tax & Surcharge
  • * Relief u/s 87A up to Rs. 2,500 for resident individuals having total income of up to Rs. 3,50,000

Super Senior Citizen

  • Up to Rs. 5,00,000 Nil
  • Rs. 5,00,001 to Rs. 10,00,000 20%
  • Above Rs. 10,00,000 30%
  • * Surcharge: 10% if total income exceeds Rs. 50 lacs and 15% if total income exceeds Rs. 1 Crore
  • * Education cess and Secondary & Higher Education cess at 3% of Income Tax & Surcharge

Company

  • Tax Rate 30% **
  • MAT 18.5%
  • * Surcharge: 7% if total income exceeds Rs. 1 Crore and 12% if total income exceeds Rs. 10 Crores
  • * Education cess and Secondary & Higher Education cess at 3% of Income Tax & Surcharge
  • ** Tax Rate is 25% if turnover or gross receipt of the company in the previous year 2015-16 doesn’t exceed Rs. 50 crore

Company

  • Tax Rate 40%
  • * Surcharge: 2% if total income exceeds Rs. 1 Crore and 5% if total income exceeds Rs. 10 Crores
  • * Education cess and Secondary & Higher Education cess at 3% of Income Tax & Surcharge

Partnership Firm

  • Tax Rate 30%
  • * Surcharge at 12% if total income exceeds Rs. 1 Crore.
  • * Education cess and Secondary & Higher Education cess at 3% of Income Tax & Surcharge.
Indirect Tax
Expert Reactions

V. K. Subramani

CA


The buoyant share market will not feel the pinch if the long term capital gains on listed shares are imposed at 10% without indexation and threshold limit. Though the marginal farmers are in distress who require support by way of subsidies and liberal loans, the rich farmers having income above Rs.2 lakhs could be asked to pay tax on farm income at 10% instead of aggregation for rate purposes. The corporate India require a reassurance of soft tax regime by reducing the corporate tax rate to 25% across the board to balance the long term capital gains tax payable by shareholders. The personal income-tax payers also deserve some relief to encourage spending by way of reduction in tax rates for incomes up to Rs.10 lakhs @ 15% and maximum tax rate @ 25% in order to be at par with the corporates.

Fatema Hunaid

Partner, Grant Thornton India LLP


“The FM has announced limiting of domestic transfer pricing regulations to only those companies that are claiming any investment linked deductions. This comes as a major relief to scores of companies that were getting covered in the domestic transfer pricing provisions even though their domestic related party transactions are revenue neutral. This announcement now alleviates transfer pricing compliance obligations on companies. This also helps allocate the revenue’s time in auditing cases that would actually help in identifying cases where there could be an opportunity for claiming an undue tax advantage by over-invoicing to tax holiday units/ undertakings or under allocation of costs.”

Sanjay Tolia

Partner - Price Waterhouse


Quote 1: "On lines of BEPS Action Item 4, interest deduction proposed to be restricted to 30% of EBITDA in case of payment of interest to related party or even to unrelated parties, if the amount is guaranteed by AE. Exemption is provided for banking and insurance companies only at this point. It will be important to extend the exemption to companies requiring heavy investment or having long gestation period, such as infrastructure and utilities." Quote 2: "Doing business becomes easier, with domestic TP provisions now proposing to covering only tax holiday related transactions."

Bimal Tanna

Leader - Industrial Products, PwC


While a MAT rate cut and incentives for capex would have certainly boosted sentiments in the manufacturing sector in a big way, reduction in the income tax rate for MSME companies is quite encouraging and the thrust on rural and infrastructure development and affordable housing will benefit the manufacturing sector and stimulate growth in the economy.

Neel Ratan

Leader- Government and Public Sector, PwC


The launch of SWAYAM online platform with over 15oo courses and its tie-up with DTH channels is a welcome and much awaited move to take education to the masses instead of relying on physical infrastructure of schools and classrooms. The launch, alongside the additional fund allocation for Bharat Net, which will enhance the broadband connectivity. The indigenous platform will go a long way in bridging the digital divide in India and has the potential to emerge as the global paradigm in MOOCs.

Dr. Rana Mehta

Leader - Healthcare, PwC


"Basic healthcare information on a smart Aadhar card could be the first step as a Unique Health identifier for the country. This will be critical in identifying beneficiaries for the social healthcare insurance programmes being rolled out by the government." "A separate set of regulations for medical devices which are currently clubbed with drugs is long overdue. This will encourage further investment , innovation and bring down the cost to the patient "

Kuldip Kumar

Partner and Leader Personal Tax, PwC


Those falling in the income group of 50 lakh to 1 crore will end up shelling out more due to levy of surcharge of 10%. Rest of the taxpayers will have some saving due to reduction of tax slab rate from 10% to 5%. Limiting house property loss for adjustment against other income upto 2 lakh in a year would affect adversely to those who have rented out their house and their loss after adjusting mortgage interest is more than 2 lakh

Vikas Vasal

Partner & National Tax Leader, Grant Thornton


A pragmatic approach has been adopted to boost consumption and growth in the economy with focus on rural development, affordable housing and infrastructure. On tax front, the underlying theme has been to ensure consistency, bringing in clarity on contentious issues and widening the tax overall tax base.

Gautam Mehra

Leader Tax, PwC


The FM's commitment to stay with fiscal discipline while continuing with rural and infrastructure spending is a positive outcome. Honouring the Prime Minister's dream of housing for all, changes made for affordable housing sector by granting infrastructure status and relaxation in conditions for claiming tax incentive is welcomed. Other forms of reforms including certainty provided for overseas transfers for offshore funds investors should continue the flow of capital into the country, including continuing the lower 5% withholding tax rate for debt inflow. Reduction in tax rates for medium and small enterprises and middle class individuals should result in 'tax inclusion', which is important given the backdrop of demonetisation and the upcoming GST law. The intent of ease of doing business comes through in the form of domestic TP exemptions, abolition of FIPB, introduction of accountability on tax officers and reduction of timelines for scrutiny.

Ranen Banerjee

Leader Public Finance and Economics, PwC


I would call this a fiscally prudent reformist budget with realistic deficit target of 3.2%. The thrust is on ease of doing business, big push to rural infrastructure and highways and digital financial inclusion. Abolishing FIPB sends out a great message to investors. Corporate tax relief to SMEs with turnover of less than 50 crore to 25% would possibly also lead to better compliance. Bringing down the lowest slab personal income tax rate to 5% is likely to boost consumption.

Rakesh Nangia

Managing Partner, Nangia & Co


Reiterating that India remains in a bright spot in the world economy, the Finance Minister has done a careful balancing act in this budget. The fact that budget addresses most of the issues on expected lines becomes obvious once you look at the sedate way the markets gyrated during the entire budget speech. The key highlights of the budget would include the planned abolition of the FIPB. The roadmap for the same will be announced shortly and it will be interesting to see how FDI is further smoothened. The proposal to form a single integrated public sector oil major confirms the rumours that the Government may merge oil sectors PSUs to create a behemoth. The move could probably be taking into account the moves made in recent years by China. The acceptance of the SIT’s recommendations to ban transactions in excess of Rs. 3 lakhs will radically change the way India does business. Also, the proposed amendments in respect of the way political parties receive donations may also be a defining moment for Indian democracy. The relaxations on personal income tax while welcome could have been extended to more taxpayers, especially the salaried class. The reduction of tax rate to 25% for small companies having turnover of less than 50 crores will provide a major fillip to corporate structuring. Taking into account the troubles faced by the FPIs on account of the recent circular on the tax provisions regarding indirect transfers, the FM has exempted FPIs from this tax regime. This is an extremely welcome step that has nipped the dispute in the bud. The fine print will have to be looked into though to ensure that the amendment is retroactive in nature and not merely prospective. All in all, the Finance Minister has done a fine balancing act and addressed the major points of concern. The economic picture is being painted favourably by the Government despite the angst generated by demonetization – one expects this budget play its part in lifting the Indian economy onward and upward.

Abhishek Goenka

Partner – Tax & Regulatory Services, PwC


There was an expectation that the rate of MAT will be reduced in line with its goal of reducing the headline corporate tax rate to 25%. However, instead of that, the rate has been retained and a higher period of 15 years for carry forward for future credit claim has been provided, instead of the existing 10 year period. While this is welcome, a reduction in the rate should have been made.

Prateek Bhargava

CEO - MINDLER (www.mindler.com)


Welcome the budgets focus on Swayam! However the current version of the MHRD initiative is focused towards higher Education. The need is to focus towards leveraging technology at the school level. This would make quality education accessible to millions. The need of the hour is to focus on digital literacy given the focus towards digital India and also keeping in mind that India is one of the youngest democracy in the world. The start needs to be made at the school level to start bridging the skill gap between academia and industry. The focus of discussions needs to shift from “Reservations” to making “Quality Education" available to all. Given the digital revolution this is now a possibility and govt. needs to make adequate investments to equip large number of govt school to host technology enabled learning.

How will you rate this budget for salaried persons?

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